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英语四六级剖析词汇P2

本文摘要:pile [pail] n. ①堆,叠②大量;大数目;大堆piles of work 一大堆事情【习习用语】①a pile of dough 一大笔钱②make ones pile 赚钱,发达③pile in [into] 挤进,拥进;[口]猛烈攻击;[口]狼吞虎咽pilgrim [ˈpilɡrim] n. 朝圣者pillar [ˈpilə(r)] n. 柱子;栋梁pillow [ˈpiləu] n. 枕头He used his boots for a pillow. 他用

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pile [pail] n. ①堆,叠②大量;大数目;大堆piles of work 一大堆事情【习习用语】①a pile of dough 一大笔钱②make one's pile 赚钱,发达③pile in [into] 挤进,拥进;[口]猛烈攻击;[口]狼吞虎咽pilgrim [ˈpilɡrim] n. 朝圣者pillar [ˈpilə(r)] n. 柱子;栋梁pillow [ˈpiləu] n. 枕头He used his boots for a pillow. 他用靴子作枕头。【习习用语】①consult [advise] with one's pillow (=carry a matter to one's pillow) 把问题留到第二天解决;整夜思考,认真思量②sew pillows under people's elbows 使人发生虚假的宁静感,使人麻木大意,高枕无忧③take counsel of one's pillow (=consult with one's pillow)pilot [ˈpailət] n. 航行员;引航员pinch [pintʃ] n. ①拧,掐 ②(一)撮,微量 v. 捏,掐pine [pain] n. 松树,松木【习习用语】①pine away 因忧伤而憔悴;因疾病而消瘦②pine for 盼望,纪念;因想望而烦恼pint [paint] n. ①品脱②一品脱啤酒【习习用语】sink one's pints[口]喝啤酒pioneer [paiəˈniə(r)] n. 开拓者;先驱;轻工兵Doctor Smith was one of the______in cancer research.A. pioneersB. advocatesC. engineersD. founders【谜底】A.pioneer n. 先驱者,首创人;开拓者,开发者。

advocate (of) n. 提倡者,拥护者;辩护人,状师。engineer n. 工程师。founder n. 首创人。

pipe [paip] n. ①管道;烟斗②笛子;(pl.)风笛【习习用语】①dance after [to] sb's pipe [piping, whistle] 听从某人指挥,百依百顺地听从别人②fill one's pipe 致富③hit the pipe 吸鸦片,吸毒pistol [ˈpist(ə)l] n. 手枪【习习用语】①best the pistol(赛跑时)枪响前冲出,起跑犯规②discharge [fire] one's pistol in the air 朝天放枪;居心不使对手受伤;假打架;与想象的论敌争论③hold [put] a pistol to sb's head 用手枪抵着某人的脑壳;胁迫某人;迫使某人就范piston [ˈpist(ə)n] n. 活塞pit [pit] n. 坑;矿井【习习用语】①dig a pit for sb 为某人挖陷阱,使某人陷入圈套②fly (shoot) the pit(斗鸡)飞出斗鸡场;不付房钱而逃③snake pit[美俚]治理不妥的神经病院;恐怖杂乱的地方[局势]pitch [pitʃ] vt. 投掷n. 沥青【习习用语】pitch into 投入(事情);开始大吃大嚼;攻击plague [pleiɡ] n. ①瘟疫②灾祸,祸殃plane [plein] n. ①飞机;平面②几何平面③水平;水平;级Keep your work on a high plane. 使你的事情保持高水平。【习习用语】①plane away [off] 刨掉②plane down 把……刨薄,刨平planet [ˈplænit] n. 行星plantation [ˌplænˈteiʃ(ə)n] n. 种植园,大农场,林场plaster [ˈplɑːstə(r)] n. ①灰泥②软石膏plate [pleit] vt. 电镀plateau [ˈplætəu] n. 高原platform [ˈplætfɔːm] n. ①平台,讲台;站台②(政党等的)政纲,宣言【习习用语】be at home on the platform 善于(或习惯于)演说plausible [ˈplɔːzib(ə)l] a. 似有原理的,似乎正确的,貌似可信的plea [pliː] n. ①恳求,请求②辩解plead [pliːd] v. 请求,恳求pledge [pledʒ] n. ①誓约,保证②保证物,信物plentiful [ˈplentiful] a. 富足的,富厚的plight [plait] n. 难题处境,恶劣的状态plot [plɔt] n. 小块地;情节;阴谋plough (=plow) [plau] n. 犁vt. 犁,耕plug [plʌɡ] n. 塞子,插头plumber [ˈplʌmə(r)] n. 管子工,水暖工plunge [plʌndʒ] vt. ①使投入,使刺进②使陷入,使遭受plural [ˈpluər(ə)l] a. 复数的n. 复数plus [plʌs] prep. 加,加上a. 加的,正的n. 加号,正号pneumonia [njuːˈməuniə] n. 肺炎poetry [ˈpəuitri] n. 诗歌poke [pəuk] vt. 戳,捅polite [pəˈlait] a. 有礼貌的;有修养的political [pəˈlitik(ə)l] a. ①政治(上)的②与政治有关的;党派政治的He has very strong political opinions. 他有强烈的政见。politician [pɔliˈtiʃ(ə)n] n. 政客,政治家politics [ˈpɔlitiks] n. ①政治;政治学②政治计谋;政治手腕;政治运动 Politics have never interested me. 政治从未引起我的兴趣。

③政论;政见;政纲What are your politics? 你的政见如何?【长难例句】As far as I am concerned, his politics are rather conservative compared with other politicians. 就我看来,同其他政治家们相比,他的政治看法相当守旧。poll [pəul] n. 投票,投票数,民意考试v. 投票,举行民意考试pollutant [pəˈluːtənt] n. 污染物质ponder [ˈpɔndə(r)] v. 仔细思量,沉思pool [puːl] n. 池,撞球,联营,石油层pope [pəup] n. (Pope)天主教教皇popular [ˈpɔpjulə(r)] a. 盛行的,普及的;公共的;广受接待的,自制的(价钱)Canned foods are______with housewives because it takes so little time to cook them.A. usualB. welcomeC. desirableD. popular【谜底】D.popular (with sb) a. 广受接待的,有名的;盛行的,通俗的,公共的。

usual a. 通常的,平常的。welcome a. 受接待的;be welcome to 接待到……来(作形容词时不能说welcome with)。desirable a. (定语或表语)可取的;值得想望的,值得拥有的(在句型It is desirable that… 中,从句谓语需用虚拟语气)。popularity [ˌpɔpjuˈlæriti] n. 普及,盛行;名誉population [ˌpɔpjuˈleiʃ(ə)n] n. ①人口②住在某一地域的人;生长于某一地域的动物The population in these villages still uses well water. 住在这些乡村里的人依然饮用井水。

porcelain [ˈpɔːslin] n. 瓷,瓷器porch [pɔːtʃ] n. ①门廊②接待室,休息室porter [ˈpɔːtə(r),ˈpəu˗] n. ①搬运工人②(市场的)挑夫③守门人;门房(指人)portion [ˈpɔːʃ(ə)n] n. ①部门,一份②分得的部门She only eats a small portion of food. 她只吃分得的一小部门食物。③(饭菜的)一客,一份portrait [ˈpɔːtrit] n. ①肖像,画像portray [pɔːˈtrei] vt. ①形貌,描绘②饰演,饰演position [pəˈziʃ(ə)n] n. ①位置;职务;看法②适当的位置the position of the players on the field 球员在球场上的适当位置③(争斗时的)有利职位in a favorable position 处于有利职位【试题精练】It is improper for a person in such a high______in the company to behave so badly in public.A. positionB. conditionC. professionD. authority【谜底】A. position n. 职位,职务;姿势,姿态;看法,态度。condition n. 条件;状态,状况;(pl.)情况(be in condition〈运发动〉身体条件好;be in good condition〈货物抵达〉完好无损)。

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profession n. 职业(一般指受过高等教育的人所从事的职业,如教师、医生、状师等)。authority n. 权力,权威;当权者;(pl.)政府(a person in authority 当权人士)。positive [ˈpɔzitiv] a. ①肯定的;努力的;正面的;正数的;阳性的②绝对的It was a positive delight to hear her sing so beautifully. 听她美妙的歌声绝对是一种享受。③断然的;极有掌握的;太自信的【习习用语】be positive about [of] 确信,确知They had to examine the dead fish before they had a______answer as to what killed them.A. positiveB. possibleC. tentativeD. normal【谜底】A. positive a. 确实的,明确的;努力的,肯定的;正的,阳性的(如 I gave you positive instructions. There is positive proof that he did it. Can you be positive of/about what you saw? She was positive she had seen it)。

tentative a. 试探(性)的,试验(性)的。normal a. 正常的,平常的;正规的。

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possess [pəˈzes] vt. ①拥有,占有【同】have, hold, own, deep, occupy【反】lose②(恶魔)附体;(情欲)迷住,缠住③(感受、思想)支配,控制,对……影响很深【同】command, seize, control【习习用语】①be possessed by [with] 被(鬼魅、思想等)缠住,迷住②be possessed of 拥有,占有,具有,享有③be exclusively possessed by 在……独霸下【派】possession, possessive, possessorpossession [pəˈzeʃ(ə)n] n. 拥有,占有,所有,着迷,领土,领地,产业(常pl.)postage [ˈpəustidʒ] n. 邮资,邮费postcard [ˈpəustkɑːd] n. 明信片poster [ˈpəustə(r)] n. 海报,招贴,(布告、口号、海报等的)张贴者postgraduate [pəustˈɡrædjuit] n. 研究生postman [ˈpəustmən] n. 邮递员postpone [pəustˈpəun] vt. 延期,推迟pot [pɔt] n. 罐,壶poultry [ˈpəultri] n. 家禽;食用家禽pound [paund] n. 磅;英镑 v. 敲击;捣碎pour [pɔː(r)] v. ①倒,灌,注;流出practical [ˈpræktik(ə)l] a. ①实际的;实用的;可行的②老练的;只讲实用的③感受缓慢的【试题精练】Without telephone it would be impossible to carry on the functions of______every business operation in the whole country.A. preferablyB. preciselyC. practicallyD. presumably【谜底】C. practically ad. 险些,简直;实际上。preferably ad. 最好是。precisely ad. 准确地,确切地;恰好是。

presumably ad. 或许,可能,据推测。practically [ˈpræktikəli] ad. 实际上;险些,简直practice [ˈpræktis] n. 实践,做法;训练;业务【试题精练】My golf is not very good just now. I've been busy and I'm out of______.A. conditionB. placeC. fashionD. practice【谜底】D. be out of practice 久不训练(技术已荒疏)(如 The basketball team got out of practice during the Christmas holidays. He was out of practice at batting.)(反义短语:be in practice)。

be out of condition 身体状况欠好。be out of place (本义)不在应该在的位置上;(引申)(话语)不合适,不恰当;(人与情况)不协调,不相称,格格不入。

be out of fashion 过时的,不时兴。practitioner [prækˈtiʃənə(r)] n. ①开业医生②状师。


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